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Energy Consumption: Top 10 Tactics for Reduction

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19 min read

One simple way to reduce your energy consumption is to make sure that your home is well insulated, so that you don't lose heat in the winter or cool air in the summer. Another way to reduce your energy consumption is to use energy-efficient appliances, such as Energy Star-rated appliances.

Energy consumption is a pressing issue that affects economies, businesses, and households alike. Power plants that generate electricity are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. These emissions not only contribute to climate change but also have negative impacts on human health and the environment. By reducing our energy consumption, we can both save money on utility bills as well as help to conserve resources and decrease emissions. 

Integrating affordable and clean energy options into our consumption habits is a win-win. It fosters sustainability while enabling economic advantages, from lowering bills to stimulating job growth in green sectors. By adopting practices that promote energy efficiency and advocating for policies that enhance energy access, we can make significant strides towards a more sustainable future.

It's also important to understand the role that household appliances and energy usage play in our daily lives. In this blog post, we will be discussing 10 practical ways that you can reduce your energy consumption and increase your energy efficiency in your daily life. From unplugging electronics to using energy-efficient light bulbs, we will explore various methods to help you make a difference in your energy usage and reduce your carbon footprint.

Household Appliances and Energy Consumption

The average American single-family household uses about 10,632 kWh per year in their home.  Household appliances are often the silent energy vampires in our homes, silently consuming electricity even when we're not using them. Take for example, the humble refrigerator, it may seem like it's only using energy when you open the door to grab a snack, but in reality, it's working hard 24/7 to keep your food fresh. And, though standby mode on your TV or cable box may not seem like a big deal, it can add up to a significant amount of electricity consumption over time.

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And let's not forget the elephant in the room, air conditioners and heaters. These appliances are notorious for driving up electricity bills during the summer and winter months. But there are ways to combat these energy-sucking monsters, for instance, by using a programmable thermostat, you can set the temperature to be a bit higher during the day when you're not at home, and have it cool down just before you arrive.

It's worth noting that the exact amount of electricity an appliance uses can depend on a variety of factors, such as the size and efficiency of the appliance, as well as how often it is used.

Overall, it's important to be aware of how much energy our appliances are using and to use them responsibly. With small changes, we can reduce our energy consumption and ultimately save money on our energy bills.

10 ways to Reduce Your Energy Consumption

1. Replace Incandescent Bulbs with Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs

Replacing incandescent light bulbs with energy-efficient options is one of the easiest ways to reduce your energy consumption.

An LED light can operate up to 50,000 to 100,000 operating hours, or roughly five to 10 years. On the other hand, incandescent bulbs typically only operate for 1,500 hours or 1.4 years. Furthermore, energy-efficient light bulbs use significantly less energy to produce the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs.

Additionally, using dimmer switches with energy-efficient light bulbs can maximize savings and allow you to adjust the amount of light to suit your needs.

It's important to keep in mind that while energy-efficient light bulbs may have a higher upfront cost, they can save you money in the long run by reducing your energy consumption and lasting longer.

2. Adjust Daily Habits and Unplug Electronics

As mentioned previously, many electronics consume energy even when they are not in use, a phenomenon known as standby power or vampire power. Many devices have a standby mode that allows them to remain powered on but in a low-energy state, so they can be quickly activated when needed.

Examples of electronics that should be unplugged when not in use include:

  • chargers for phones, tablets, laptops, and other devices,
  • appliances such as coffee makers, toasters, and microwaves
  • entertainment devices like game consoles and televisions

Turning Off Ceiling Fans When Not in Use

Though ceiling fans aren't devices you plug in, turning them off when not in use can help with your energy conservation efforts and result in lower energy costs.

The Benefits of Hand-Washing Dishes

Also, consider washing dishes by hand instead of using a dishwasher. In cases where you only have a few dishes to wash, it may not be worth running the dishwasher. Instead, make sure to run it only when it's fully loaded, and use the energy-saving mode if your dishwasher has one. This can help you to save energy and money on your utilities.

Cold Water Laundry

Finally, instead of using hot water when doing laundry, opt for cold water instead. Some washing machines even have a "cold wash" cycle. Every household that switches to cold water washing could eliminate about 1,600 pounds of carbon dioxide a year.

While these are all small steps towards the reduction of energy consumption, their impact will mean less pollution and more efficient energy use in the long run.

3. Seal Air Leaks and Insulate

Sealing air leaks around your home is a great way to reduce your heating and cooling expenses.  The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that homeowners can save an average of 15% on heating and cooling costs by air sealing their homes and adding insulation in attics, floors over crawl spaces, and basements.

Air leaks in your home can lead to increased energy consumption by allowing hot air to escape in the winter and cool air to escape during warmer months. In turn, your heating and cooling systems have to work harder to maintain a comfortable temperature, leading to increased energy usage.

Once you have identified the air leaks in your home, there are several ways to seal them and improve your home's energy efficiency. Here are a few tips:

  • Install weatherstripping around doors and windows
  • Install door sweeps to seal gaps around the bottom of doors.
  • Caulking is one of the best ways to seal gaps around windows, doors, and other areas where two different building materials meet.
  • Insulate your attic, walls and floors to keep the heat in during the winter and the cool air in during the summer.
  • Install energy-efficient windows to reduce the amount of energy needed to heat and cool your home.

Sealing air leaks and insulating your home, you can reduce the amount of energy needed to heat and cool your home, decreasing energy waste and heat loss.

4. Use Energy-Efficient Appliances

Energy-efficient appliances are designed to use less energy than traditional appliances. One way to identify energy-efficient appliances is by looking for the ENERGY STAR label. Products earn the ENERGY STAR label by meeting the energy efficiency requirements set forth in ENERGY STAR product specifications. The EPA establishes these specifications.

In 2020, ENERGY STAR certified products helped consumers save 240 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity. ENERGY STAR certified appliances include a wide range of products such as:

  • refrigerators
  • dishwashers
  • washing machines
  • air conditioners
  • televisions
  • computers
  • smartphones

Also, consider installing water-saving devices like low-flow showerheads. Low-flow showerheads, faucet aerators and toilet displacement devices use less water and can help to reduce hot water usage.

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The Benefits of Using Energy-Efficient Products

  • Energy Efficient products are often built with higher quality materials and have longer lifetimes, which can save money in the long run.
  • Many energy efficient products can be integrated with smart home technology, which allows you to monitor, control, and optimize your energy usage from a remote location.
  • Some governments provide incentives and rebates for energy-efficient products to encourage their usage in households and buildings. For instance, the Inflation Reduction Act provides qualifying individuals with tax credits for energy efficiency improvements to their home. It also makes provisions for the purchase of new and used electric vehicles.

5. Install a Programmable Thermostat

ENERGY STAR estimates that homeowners properly using programmable thermostats can achieve significant energy savings of about $180 a year on their energy bills.

This type of thermostat allows you to set a schedule for your heating and cooling system. So it only runs when you need it. Thus enabling you to use less electricity by turning off the heating or cooling when you're not at home or at night when you're sleeping.

To use a programmable thermostat effectively, you should:

  • Set the thermostat to the lowest comfortable temperature during the winter and the highest comfortable temperature during the summer.
  • Use the "hold" function only when necessary
  • Set different schedules for weekdays and weekends
  • Adjust the temperature when you're away from home or sleeping
  • Use the energy saver mode if your thermostat has one
  • Regularly check and replace the batteries

6. Use Smart Power Strips

By simply using an advanced power strip, you can reduce your electricity usage by  20 to 48 per cent. Overall, smart power strips can be a great tool for reducing your energy consumption and avoiding high electricity prices.

Smart power strips offer a variety of benefits that can help you to reduce your energy consumption and increase energy efficiency in your home. Some of the main benefits include:

  • Automatic Shut-Off: Smart power strips are equipped with sensors that can detect when a device is in standby mode or not in use, and automatically shut off power to that device.
  • Scheduling and Remote Control: Many smart power strips allow you to schedule when devices are turned on and off, and even control them remotely through a smartphone app. This makes it easier to manage your energy usage and reduce consumption when you're away from home.
  • Energy Monitoring: Some smart power strips come with energy monitoring capabilities that allow you to track your energy usage and identify areas where you can save energy.
  • Protection: Smart power strips also provide protection to your devices by providing surge protection.
  • Compatibility: Smart power strips are compatible with a wide range of devices including home appliances, electronics and can be controlled by virtual assistants like Alexa and Google Assistant.

7. Use a Clothesline or Drying Rack

In the average household, washing machines and dryers typically account for the most energy use. On the other hand, clotheslines and drying racks use only the sun and wind to dry your clothes, which is a natural and free resource.

Energy efficiency means using less power to perform the same task or produce the same result. If your living situation permits you to take advantage of this method, it's an excellent way to avoid high energy prices. Moreover, by using a clothesline or drying rack, you'll be able to harness the power of the sun, our most accessible renewable source.

8. Leverage Renewable Energy Sources

As concerns about climate change and the need to reduce dependence on fossil fuels continue to grow, more homeowners are turning to renewable sources to power their homes. One of the most popular and widely available options is solar energy.

Solar Panels

Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity. They are a great option for homeowners who want to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and decrease their energy bills. Solar panels can be installed on the roof of a home or property and connected to the power grid. The electricity produced by the solar panels can be used to power the home or fed back into the grid for credit on future energy bills. The average home can save between $20,000 and $75,000 over the lifetime of your solar panel system, depending on the cost of electricity in your area. This demonstrates the importance of investing in energy innovation and embracing sustainable solutions like solar energy. Additionally, the integration of smart grids can optimize the distribution and utilization of renewable energy, further enhancing energy conservation efforts.

Solar Batteries

Solar batteries are devices that store the electricity produced by solar panels. This allows homeowners to use the electricity they produce even when the sun is not shining. They can also be used to provide backup power in case of a power outage.

Solar Water Heaters

Solar water heaters use the energy from the sun to heat water. They are an efficient way to provide hot water for a home and can significantly reduce energy consumption and costs. Solar water heaters can be used for both domestic hot water and for space heating.

To learn more about energy security with renewable energy, check out this article on how to fight energy insecurity by switching to renewable energy.

9. Upgrade your HVAC system

In residential buildings, cooling and heating account for 47% of energy use. The HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) system is responsible for maintaining the indoor temperature and air quality in a building. But, if it is old or not properly maintained, it can result in energy loss and increased energy bills.

Upgrading to a newer, more energy-efficient HVAC system can help to reduce energy consumption and save money on energy bills. For example, switching to a natural gas furnace instead of an electric one can reduce energy consumption. On average, natural gas is cheaper than electricity.

One of the most energy-efficient ways to upgrade your home's HVAC system is to install an air source heat pump. Unlike traditional heating and cooling systems that rely on burning fossil fuels, heat pumps transfer heat from one place to another, making them highly efficient in terms of energy consumption. They can provide both heating and cooling, and in many cases, they offer a cost-effective and energy-efficient upgrade for smart home energy systems. These systems are becoming more popular as they help to reduce the carbon footprint and lower energy bills.

Additionally, upgrading to an HVAC system with improved air filtration and ventilation can improve indoor air quality and reduce the amount of air pollution inside the home.

Plus, the Inflation Reduction Act offers potential rebates and incentives for improving the energy efficiency of buildings. So, your energy efficient home improvements such as heat pumps and solar panels could be eligible for tax credits.

10. Use a Microwave or Toaster Oven

Using a microwave or toaster oven instead of a full-size oven can save a significant amount of energy, particularly for families who demand quick and easy meal options. Full-size ovens use a large amount of energy to heat up and maintain the desired temperature, whereas microwaves and toaster ovens use significantly less energy and heat up much faster.

When it comes to using a microwave or toaster oven effectively, here are some tips:

  • Always use microwave-safe containers and dishes
  • Use the appropriate cooking settings for your food (e.g. defrost for frozen items, reheat for leftovers)
  • Avoid overcrowding the microwave or toaster oven, as this can slow down the cooking process
  • Clean the microwave or toaster oven regularly to ensure efficient operation


Energy consumption is a pressing issue that affects not only our resources but also our environment. The good news is that there are many simple and effective ways to reduce energy consumption in our daily lives.

It's important to remember that every little action counts and together we can make a big impact. So let's start today and make a conscious effort to reduce our energy consumption and take care of our planet for future generations.

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